Jimmy Akin

58793
Did God Punish Jesus on the Cross?

Penal substitution is a theory of the atonement that says God literally punished Jesus on the Cross. This theory is problematic because one cannot justly punish an innocent person, and Jesus was innocent. Therefore, for God to literally punish...

58792
What Does “Atonement” Mean—And How Did Jesus Do It?

Most basic theological terms come from Greek or Latin, but one sprang from English: atonement. Here, the –ment suffix is used to refer to the result of something, like amazement is the result of something that amazes. Atonement, therefore, is...

58791
The Original Suffering Servant

Isaiah 52 and 53 famously describe a mysterious figure that scholars have dubbed the “Suffering Servant.” The parallels between the Servant and Jesus are striking, and the New Testament authors see Jesus as fulfilling the role of the Suffering...

58790
The Servant(s) of God in Isaiah

The New Testament quotes three Old Testament books more than any others: Deuteronomy, the Psalms, and Isaiah. The latter is quoted, in particular, because it contains messianic prophecies that point to Jesus, and the New Testament authors record...

58309
Is It Okay to Listen to Non-Religious Music?

A reader writes: Despite being a Protestant, I enjoy reading your blog. Since I see that you’ve answered other people’s questions before, I thought I’d ask you a question about a problem I’m having. In my community, people often say that it’s...

42789
8 Things to Know and Share About the Guardian Angels

October 2 is the memorial of the Guardian Angels in the liturgy. Here are 8 things to know and share about the angels it celebrates . . .   1) What is a guardian angel? A guardian angel is an angel (a created, non-human, non-corporeal being)...

57753
The “Unanimous Consent” of the Church Fathers

In 1546, the Council of Trent issued a decree which prohibited people from interpreting Scripture “contrary to the unanimous consent of the Fathers.” The meaning and significance of this concept has been widely misunderstood, so let’s take a...

50526
The Assumption of Mary: 12 Things to Know and Share

August 15 is the solemnity of the Assumption of Mary. In the United States, it is a holy day of obligation (in years when it does not fall on a Monday). What is the Assumption of Mary, how did it come to be defined, and what relevance does it...

57620
Domitian and the Persecution That Didn’t Happen

It’s common to encounter claims that the Roman emperor Domitian was a major persecutor of Christians and that he demanded divine worship, insisting on being called “Lord and God.” It’s even common to hear these “facts” cited as important keys...

56947
Pope Hints at New CDF Document on End-of-Life Issues

Not a lot of people are aware of it, but the pope periodically meets with and gives a speech to the different departments at the Holy See. Every January, for example, he gives an address to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF)...